The first method, common in the warmer climates of the southern United States, is called swarming. This occurs usually in spring, when large numbers of winged primary reproductives (alates) (top photo) emerge from a colony, fly a very short distance, mate and then establish a new colony. Although alates are found in Ontario, rarely do they swarm.
Several species of powder post beetles are to be found in the U.S. and Canada. They vary in length from 1/16" to 3/8", but generally have flattened bodies, a prominent head and segmented antennae. True powder post beetles attack only hardwoods (particularly oak, hickory, ash, walnut and cherry) but other species of wood boring beetles attack both hardwoods and softwoods.
Set in the ground, termite barriers will poison termites working their way to the wood of your home. A termite services company can install termite barriers under driveways or in and around a home`s foundation during the construction process and can also set termite barriers in the ground of an existing home.
Termites and white ants is soft-bodied social creature of the scientific order Isoptera. They damage your home at a steady rate. It is easy to distinguish these termites from ants by comparing the abdomen base of the two. In termites, abdomen broadly connects to the thorax while in ants there is a slender petiole (connection) connecting these segments. Additionally antennae of termites are threadlike or beadlike whereas antennae of ants are elbowed. As termites feed primarily on wood, it is necessary to have some basic termite information or else they may damage your home.
Often shelter tubesconstructed of soil particles cemented together by excrement or secretions from the mouth are used to connect the outside soil to a building and for crossing a concrete or metallic portion in a structure. The presence of a shelter tube is generally the first physical evidence of a termite infestation.
When no further activity is observed in the bait stations, treated bait is removed, and replaced with untreated bait. Monitoring continues on a regular basis, and the procedure is repeated as necessary. Several companies offer products and services that are variations on this method of site treatment, although baiting is still a relatively new approach for termites.
Liquid chemicals sprayed on the ground around a home to poison termites, termiticides are one of the most common types of termite services. Many times, termites don`t live inside the wood of a home. They enter to eat and then leave to go back to their own home. When termites travel across soil sprayed with termiticides, it poisons them in a matter of minutes or a few hours. When applied correctly, the termiticide should remain effective for five years. Termiticides are one of the most popular ways to prevent termite damage.
The series of galleries (area hollowed out) created by termites in wood give a honeycomb appearance. These galleries follow the wood grain. Interior galleries contain greyish specks of excrement and earth, called frass.
Reproductive termites are similar but have wings. Termites are weak flyers and will only attempt to fly if the air is still and there is high humidity without the likelihood of rain. The largest member of the termite family is the queen. She can be up to 4 inches long and lays up to 4 eggs a minute! If she dies, one of the reproductive termites takes her place.
The subterranean termite Reticulitermis flavipes (Kollar) is probably the most destructive and widely distributed species in North America. This species has acclimatized to southern Ontario to such a degree that 27 municipalities report some degree of infestation.