The two wingless non-reproductive castes consist of the soldiers and workers. The soldiers defend the colony from outside attack, while the workers carry out all duties except defence and reproduction. For example, the workers feed the reproductives, larvae and soldiers, care for the eggs, and construct tunnels and shelter tubes. The soldier caste consists of sterile adults with large heads and pincher-like mouth parts. These soldiers make up 2-3 % of the total colony.
It is one of the most economical ways to get rid of termites. It uses termite products like termidor as a barrier. Fripnoil is an active substance in termidor. It attracts the termites towards itself and termites that enter the affected area die slowly.
The female reproductives may thousands of eggs. These eggs hatch and pass through an immature stage (larvae) before finally differentiating into either a worker, soldier or reproductive caste.
Set in the ground, termite barriers will poison termites working their way to the wood of your home. A termite services company can install termite barriers under driveways or in and around a home`s foundation during the construction process and can also set termite barriers in the ground of an existing home.
In contrast to termites, carpenter ants do not eat wood and other cellulose-based materials, but instead simply excavate living quarters and hatching chambers that are usually quite limited in extent.
Termite barriers contain a soil and a bait trap mixed with a high concentration of termite poison. When traveling toward your home, termites don`t recognize the difference between the soil in the barriers and the regular ground soil so they enter the poison barriers. Many new homebuilders choose to have a termite services company install termite barriers during the construction process as an additional amenity for the home.
The presence of shelter tubes over the surface of foundation walls is the primary sign of a termite infestation. These tubes are 6mm (1/4 inch) to 12mm (1/2 inch) wide, and can extend many centimetres in length until wood is discovered. These tubes protect termites form the drying effect of air, and maintain the termites` contact with the soil.
Often shelter tubesconstructed of soil particles cemented together by excrement or secretions from the mouth are used to connect the outside soil to a building and for crossing a concrete or metallic portion in a structure. The presence of a shelter tube is generally the first physical evidence of a termite infestation.
Subterranean termites are social insects, feeding on cellulose and living in colonies in the soil. These colonies are close to moisture, and can be readily relocated due to temperature or other environmental changes. Termites travel through soil, in wood itself, or through shelter tubes.
The primary female reproductive (the queen), is very rarely found in Ontario, whereas secondary reproductives in the colony carry on extensive reproduction.